SAFE Kit Backlog Process
1. Local law enforcement submit kits to KSP Forensic Laboratory
As of September 2017, local law enforcement has submitted 3,925 kits to KSP. Of those kits, KSP has submitted 3,173 to a private lab for analysis. Additional grant money is being sought to test the remaining kits.
4. KSP analysts technically review each lab report
A KSP casework analyst ensures DNA profiles - when available - were correctly obtained, and that the case history for the profile meets all of the eligibility requirements established by the FBI for uploading into the national DNA database. KSP hopes to review 50 to 100 reports per week. It takes between 15 and 90 minutes to review each report, depending on the complexity of the case.
For cases in which no DNA profiles were obtained, KSP notifies the law enforcement agency of jurisdiction and instructs the investigator to contact the survivor and notify the individual that his or her kit was tested as part of the backlog effort and that no DNA was obtained.
5. KSP forensic analyst or casework CODIS administrator confirms eligibility for CODIS
After reviews, and if appropriate, the casework analyst will enter the profile into the system for upload into the CODIS database. It waits there until either a DNA Database analyst or the Casework CODIS Administrator reviews the case history to confirm the eligibility of the profile for database entry. If appropriate, the Database analyst then marks it for upload into the database.
6. Eligible profiles are uploaded into the state database (SDIS)
Every night, the approved, eligible profiles are uploaded into the state database and searched against it.
7. National database (NDIS) uploads profiles from state database
Two days a week, the national database reaches down and uploads the data from the state database. If there are no immediate hits, KSP notifies local law enforcement and an investigator is instructed to contact the survivor with the results. The profile remains in the databases for a potential future match, also known as a hit, to an offender (offender hit) or evidence from one or more unsolved cases (forensic hit).
Any hits that result are sent to the KSP Database Section through the CODIS network.
8. Offender DNA, fingerprints verified
When DNA from a SAFE kit hits to DNA from an offender, KSP pulls the offender's DNA sample and tests it again to verify it matches the profile in the hit. KSP also verifies a thumb print that was taken at the time the offender DNA sample was collected matches to the offender. KSP also verifies through court records and criminal histories that the offense for which the DNA sample was collected from the offender is an eligible/qualifying offense. This process is expected to take 2-3 weeks.
9. Lab sends hit letters to law enforcement, prosecutor
When evidence from a SAFE kit hits to DNA in the databases (and offender DNA is verified), KSP sends a letter to the investigating agency and local prosecutor notifying them of a hit. Per the requirements of the DANY grant, law enforcement is required to notify the survivors of the match. Law enforcement should work with community advocates to determine a plan for conducting the notification according to the notification protocol determined by a subgroup of the DANY Grant Task Force.
Law enforcement and prosecutors also should work together to determine whether sufficient evidence exists to open the cold case and pursue criminal charges.
2. KSP submits kits to private lab
KSP began sending kits in batches of 60 to Sorenson Forensics in Salt Lake City on May 24, 2016.
3. Private lab sends KSP analysis report for kits
This began in August 2016. All kits have been tested by the private lab as of August 2017.